Please join me. Zoom link below.
Thank you to The Conversation, The National Interest, and over 20 community newspapers for disseminating this piece.
I am pleased to announce that I will spend the 2019-2020 academic year in residence at the Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School to complete my dissertation. Please feel free to get in touch for more information about my project on stakeholder negations and transitional justice in the immediate aftermath of violence, atrocity crimes, and genocide.
Harvard Law School’s announcement can be found here:
Article link below.
Peace and stability have been core challenges in the Great Lakes Region of Africa since the years of independence from European nations. State building processes have been ridden by ongoing violence, characterized by two-sided or multi-party violence perpetrated by militias, national militaries, rogue groups, and even local civilians. The international system has prioritized peace accords and negotiation processes when parties in conflict decide to move past the violence, either required by external actors, or based on the instability of the situation on the ground. When warring parties and international actors sign peace accords to end conflict in an attempt to begin political dialogue, they often reinforce the international legal assumption that these negotiations will bring about positive change, including peace and stability. The cases of Rwanda and Burundi are complicated, with social, historical, political, ideological, and economic factors leading to violence on the ground. The Arusha Accords of 1993 in Rwanda and of 2000 in Burundi were followed only by short-term stability, with an eventual return to conflict. This study examines the effects of the Arusha Peace Accords signed prior to the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, and the Arusha Accords of 2000, which ended 12 years of civil war in Burundi. As shown in this paper and through our research, peace negotiations and peace processes take place in an unideal situation, yet in order for future peace to be achieved they must be attempted. The failure of Arusha in Rwanda and in Burundi show some of the complexities and challenges faced in these two case studies, and analyze why there was a return to violence in each case.
In 2011-2012, I had a Fulbright Scholarship to Switzerland that opened my world to victim-based testimony, and to documenting lesser known stories of atrocity and resilience. I am pleased to share that I have published my first book, co-authored with the amazing scholar Paul Bartrop. “Heroines of Vichy France” can be purchased on amazon, here: https://www.amazon.com/Heroines-Vichy-France-Re…/…/ref=nodl_ or through the publisher, Praeger. Thank you to all, read and enjoy our story!
Please join me for my presentation at the University of Cambridge in the UK!
7 March Location: Room 5, Study Centre, Jesus College
“Cultures of Memory and Meaning in Tradition and Post-Genocide Rwanda”
Samantha Lakin (Strassler Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Clark University)
Please join me as I present preliminary dissertation findings
WALTER RODNEY LECTURE SERIES
Boston University African Studies Center
Kwibuka: Divergent Memory and the Quest for Justice in Post-Genocide Rwanda
12:15 – 2:00pm
February 11, 2019
William O. Brown Seminar Room (5th Floor)
Room 505, 232 Bay State Rd., Boston, MA
All are welcome!
Dear Friends and Colleagues,
As we turn the page on 2018 and begin 2019, I am excited to continue diving deep into my research and writing my dissertation, analyzing issues of the construction of victimhood in post-genocide Rwanda, writing an ethnography of kwibuka (commemoration), and looking at historical and current issues of peace and justice as represented through memorial spaces.
I want to also reflect on a few key accomplishments, and especially thank those who have helped me reach these goals.
- I was one of the emerging scholars awarded the 2018 Royal Air Maroc Student Travel Award from the African Studies Association. I thank Tim Longman, Erin Jessee, Jennie Burnet, Yolande Bouka, and Catharine Newbury for their support, specifically within the ASA.
- At the ASA, we also had the space to reflect on the legacy of my late professor Lee Ann Fujii. It was not easy, but I was thankful to have been able to compose my thoughts and share the ways in which Lee Ann impacted students like me. Her loss leaves a huge hole in my heart. I am thankful that other scholars and mentors have slowly been filling that Lee Ann sized hole.
- I am pleased to announce that I received the Next Generation Award from Harvard Law School’s Program on Negotiation (PON) for research titled “Convening Justice: A Comparative Study of Stakeholder Negotiations on Transitional Justice Policy in Rwanda and the African Union.” Please stay tuned for more information on this research!
- I thank Mr. Adama Dieng, the Special Adviser for the Prevention of Genocide, for his continued support and guidance during my dissertation writing process.
- I thank Dr. Eric Ndushabandi, the Director of the Institute of Research and Dialogue for Peace in Rwanda, for his continued partnership.
Happy New Year to everyone, may we all know joy, happiness, and satisfaction from our efforts. We are not obliged to finish the work, nor are we free from ignoring it.
I am also excited to announce the following presentations in 2019:
February 4, 2019, Yale University’s Genocide Studies Program
“Peace and Compromise, Idealism and Constraint: The Case of the Arusha Peace Accords in Rwanda and Burundi”
Location and Time TBD
February 11, 2019, Walter Rodney Seminar Series at Boston University
African Studies Center, 232 Bay State Road, Room 505 12:15pm to 2pm
March 7, 2019, World History Workshop, University of Cambridge, UK
“Cultures of Memory and Meaning in Tradition and Post-Genocide Rwanda”
14:30 to 16:30, Old Divinity School, University of Cambridge (Sir Arthur Quiller Couch Room of St. John’s College Cambridge)
All are welcome to attend these events! I would love to see you there!
It has been a challenging period returning from the Fulbright in Rwanda and beginning to write my dissertation in the U.S. I am thankful to colleagues including my dissertation advisor Dr. Ken MacLean (Clark University), my committee member Dr. Julia Viebach (Oxford University), and to Dr. Catharine Newbury (Smith College, Professor emerita) for agreeing to join my committee after the sudden passing of my mentor Dr. Lee Ann Fujii.
I also extend special gratitude to Dr. Erin Jessee, Dr. Annie Pohlman, Dr. Tim P. Williams, Dr. Timothy Williams, Dr. Yolande Bouka, Dr. Eric Ndushabandi, Tameisha Henry, Ameya Naik, Felix Manzi, Jean Damascene Ndaborira, Jerome Irankunda, Alexandra LaRosa, Mac Hamilton, my husband Ben Sacks, Linda and Don Lakin, Zach and Susie Lakin, and countless friends and colleagues for helping me jump into the writing process.
On October 11, 2018, I had the privilege of interviewing General Romeo Dallaire, who led the UN Peacekeeping Mission in Rwanda during the genocide, and who is now a thought leader on human rights and atrocity prevention. We spoke about true meanings of human rights, the challenges of garnering political will to intervene in atrocity situations, and the ability of youth to garner support for humanity via “sovereignty of the individual.”
I was also honored to present research on symbolic violence at the Oral History Association annual conference at Concordia University in Montreal. I was pleased to share the floor on a panel titled “Narratives of symbolic violence: Finding meaning amid unspeakable violence” with Dr. Erin Jessee, Dr. Annie Pohlman, Dr. Yolande Bouka, and Dr. Leyla Neyzi. We spoke about symbolic forms of violence in Turkey, Namibia, Rwanda, and Indonesia.
Please keep an eye on this space for more updates, where I’ll be speaking and teaching, etc.
From July 10-13, I had the pleasure of conducting the first partnership briefing with the US Mission to the African Union (USAU) and the Institute for Peace and Security Studies (IPSS), Addis Ababa University, in Ethiopia. My trip coincided with the peace agreement between Ethiopia and Eritrea, and also key moments in peace negotiations in South Sudan.
On the evening of July 11, we joined together at the residence of the United States Ambassador to the African Union, Mary Beth Leonard, with 15 South Sudanese representatives of civil society. We sat around a large table, in front of a roaring fireplace, warming the cool, rainy season night. It was reminiscent of a parlor or salon meeting, or a fireside chat; we discussed transitional justice and processes in Africa, how civil society can help in ensuring peace in South Sudan, based on examples (or lack of examples) in other African countries and contexts.
On the morning of July 12, we gathered at IPSS, with 60 guests in attendance, representing various diplomatic missions, defense attaches, ministries of foreign affairs, civil society, NGOs and international NGOs, and students. I presented on Transitional Justice in the Great Lakes Region of Africa: Theory and Practice. The questions posted touched on the example of the transitional justice process in Rwanda, and provided recommendations for states including DRC and South Sudan. Finally, I was interviewed on AfroFM, the only English radio station in Addis Ababa, for the show Real Talk USA. It was an exciting event, and I thank the USAU, Ambassador Leonard, and IPSS for hosting me.